Farmers have been neglected for decades by multiple political parties and governments. They have been stressed to the extent of committing suicides. The position of farmers is still grim in May 2019. So why farmers are tormented so much by all political parties from time to time?
The single explanation for this question is the “exploitation tendency” of political parties and those close to them. Instead of supporting farmers finacially and technologically, political parties and those having close connections to them have been exploiting farmers for decades.
Take the example of defaulting sugar factories in Maharashtra. Of the total 180-odd defaulting sugar factories in Maharashtra, 77 are owned by BJP leaders, 53 are under the possession of NCP leaders, 43 by Congress leaders and the rest fall under the ownership of people close to Shiv Sena. Be it in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Tamil Nadu or Maharashtra, sugarcane farmers across the country are yet to receive a huge amount from the mills. So far, the mill owners owe around Rs 24,000 crore to the sugarcane farmers.
Take another erxample of Haryana. it is only now that the Haryana government has released Rs 350 crore to help cooperative sugar mills pay the arrears of sugarcane farmers for the crushing season 2018-19. The sugar mills may pay the outstanding dues to the farmers in the next week but there is no gurantee that this may happen.
If the objective of government, PSUs and people well connected with political parties is to take from instead of giving to the farmers, their exploitation would continue. We must strive to give farmers a good sum for their products and services but we are actually taking away their products and services without any money. If this is not enough, government in some cases take away the land itself levaing the farmer no means to survive.
For instance, in 2013, the then Congress government, under Bhupinder Singh Hooda’s leadership, had acquired 427 acres of land in 28 villages of the district for construction of a by-pass on the outskirts of the city, which connects NH-73 highway from Panchkula to Roorkee. The farmers had challenged the land acquisition price and went to the court. On December 16 last year, Haryana chief minister Manohar Lal intervened into the matter and asked the administration to provide a compensation of Rs 42.5 lakh per acre. Since then, farmers have been protesting for the pending amount while the district administration is not paying heed to their demands.
In a protest, farmers under the banner of Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU), Haryana blockaded the National Highway (NH) 73, on Monday, near Kail village in Yamunanagar district. They had given 11 days time to authorities to deposit the pending amount in the farmers’ account or they would gather on June 6 and start an indefinite agitation. But the farmers have lifted the dharna after a meeting with the administration.